Exercise physiology for health, fitness, and performance / Sharon A. Plowman, Denise L. Smith.
Plowman, Sharon A. (författare)
Smith, Denise L. (författare)
- ISBN 978-0-7817-7976-0
- 3. ed.
- Philadelphia : Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, cop. 2011
- Engelska xviii, 726 p.
- About the author -- Preface -- User's guide -- Reviewers -- Acknowledgments -- 1: Warm-up -- Introduction -- What is exercise physiology and why study it? -- Overview of text -- Exercise response -- Training -- Detraining -- Exercise and training as stressors -- Metabolic System Unit -- 2: Energy production -- Introduction -- Cellular respiration -- Regulation of cellular respiration and ATP production -- Fuel utilization at rest and during exercise -- 3: Anaerobic metabolism during exercise -- Introduction -- Energy continuum -- Anaerobic energy production -- Measurement of anaerobic metabolism -- Anaerobic exercise response -- Male versus female anaerobic exercise characteristics -- Anaerobic exercise characteristics of children -- Anaerobic exercise characteristics of older adults -- 4: Aerobic metabolism during exercise -- Introduction -- Laboratory measurement of aerobic metabolism -- Aerobic exercise responses -- Field estimates of energy expenditure during exercise -- Efficiency and economy -- 5: Metabolic training principles and adaptations -- Introduction -- Application of the training principles for metabolic enhancement -- Metabolic adaptations to exercise training -- Influence of age and sex on metabolic training adaptations -- Detraining in the metabolic system -- 6: Nutrition for fitness and athletics -- Introduction -- Nutrition for training -- Nutrition for competition -- Eating disorders -- 7: Body composition: determination and importance -- Introduction -- Body composition assessment -- Overweight and obesity -- 8: Body composition and weight control -- Introduction -- Caloric balance equation -- Effects of diet, exercise training, and diet plus exercise training on body composition and weight -- Application of the training principles for weight and body composition loss and/or control -- Making weight for sport -- Cardiovascular-Respiratory System Unit -- 9: Respiration -- Introduction -- Structure of the pulmonary system -- Mechanics of breathing -- Respiratory circulation -- Minute ventilation/alveolar ventilation -- Measurement of lung volumes -- Partial pressure of a gas: Dalton's law -- Regulation of pulmonary ventilation -- Gas exchange and transport -- 10: Respiratory exercise response, training adaptations, and special considerations -- Introduction -- Response of the respiratory system to exercise -- Influence of sex and age on respiration at rest and during exercise -- Respiratory training adaptations -- Detraining and the respiratory system -- Special considerations -- 11: Cardiovascular system -- Introduction -- Overview of the cardiovascular system -- Cardiovascular dynamics -- Regulation of the cardiovascular system -- Measurement of cardiovascular variables -- 12: Cardiovascular responses to exercise -- Introduction -- Cardiovascular responses to aerobic exercise -- Cardiovascular responses to static exercise -- Cardiovascular responses to dynamic resistance exercise -- Male-female cardiovascular differences during exercise -- Cardiovascular responses of children and adolescents to exercise -- Cardiovascular responses of older adults to exercise -- 13: Cardiorespiratory training principles and adaptations -- Introduction -- Application of the training principles -- Training principles and physical activity recommendations -- Cardiovascular adaptations to aerobic endurance training -- Cardiovascular adaptations to dynamic resistance training -- Influence of age and sex on cardiovascular training adaptations -- Detraining in the cardiorespiratory system -- 14: Thermoregulation -- Introduction -- Exercise in environmental extremes -- Basic concepts -- Thermoregulation -- Exercise in the heat -- Cardiovascular demands of exercise in the heat -- Influence of sex and age on the exercise response in heat -- Heat illness -- Exercise in the cold -- 15: Cardiovascular disease risk factors and physical activity -- Introduction -- Progression of coronary heart disease -- Physical activity and cardiovascular risk factors -- Children and the cardiovascular risk factors --.
- Neuromuscular-Skeletal System Unit -- 16: Skeletal system -- Introduction -- Skeletal tissue -- Measurement of bone health -- Factors influencing bone health -- Exercise response -- Application of the training principles -- Skeletal adaptations to exercise training -- Skeletal adaptations to detraining -- Special applications to health and fitness -- 17: Skeletal muscle system -- Introduction -- Overview of muscle tissue -- Macroscopic structure of skeletal muscles -- Microscopic structure of a muscle fiber -- Molecular structure of the myofilaments -- Contraction of a muscle fiber -- Muscle fiber types -- 18: Muscular contraction and movement -- Introduction:Exercise-the result of muscle contraction -- Muscular force production -- Muscular fatigue and soreness -- Measurement of muscular function -- Influence of age and sex on muscle function -- 19: Muscular training principles and adaptations -- Introduction -- Application of the training principles -- Neuromuscular adaptations to resistance training -- Male-female resistance training adaptation comparisons -- Resistance training adaptations in children and adolescents -- Resistance training adaptations in older adults -- Muscular adaptations to aerobic endurance training programs -- Muscular adaptations to concurrent training -- Neuromuscular adaptations to detraining -- Special application: Muscular strength and endurance and low-back pain -- 20: Neuromuscular aspects of movement -- Introduction -- Nervous system -- Neural control of muscle contraction -- Reflex control of movement -- Volitional control of movement -- Flexibility -- Physiological responses to stretching -- Prestretching has no apparent effect on risk of injury -- Flexibility and overuse injuries -- Application of the training principles to flexibility training -- Adaptation to flexibility training -- Balance -- Application of the training principles to balance -- Adaptation to balance training -- Neuroendocrine-Immune System Unit -- 21: Neuroendocrine control of exercise -- Introduction -- Exercise as a stressor that activates the neural and hormanal systems -- Nervous system -- Endocrine system -- Role of the endocrine system in exercise -- Hormonal responses to exercise -- Hormonal adaptations to training -- 22: Immune system, exercise, training, and illness -- Introduction -- Immune system -- Immune response to exercise -- Training adaptation and maladaptation -- Selected interactions of exercise and immune function -- Appendix A: Units of measure, the metric system, and conversions between English and Metric systems of measurement -- Appendix B: Metabolic calculations -- Appendix C: Answers to check your comprehension -- Glossary -- Index.
- From the Publisher: Updated for its Third Edition, this undergraduate exercise physiology textbook integrates basic exercise physiology with research studies to stimulate learning, allowing readers to apply principles in the widest variety of exercise and sport science careers. The book combines basic exercise physiology with special applications and contains flexible organization of independent units, so instructors can teach according to their own approach. Each unit is designed with a consistent and comprehensive sequence of presentation: basic anatomy and physiology, the measurement and meaning of variables important to understanding exercise physiology, exercise responses, training principles, and special applications, problems, and considerations.
- Exercise -- Physiological aspects. (LCSH)
- Exercise -- physiology. (MeSH)
- QP301 (LCC)
- 2010 E-939 (NLM)
- WE 103 (NLM)
- 612.044 (DDC)
- Vca (kssb/8 (machine generated))
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