Introduction -- Part One. The Pioneers -- Classification of men according to their natural gifts / F. Galton (1892) -- 'General intelligence': objectively determined and measured / C. Spearman (1904) -- The doctrine of two factors / C. Spearman (1927) -- Part two. Development and application -- The boundaries of mental life / T.L. Kelley (1928)-- The basic constitution of aptitude / C.L. Hull (1928) -- Intelligence and civilisation / G. Thomson (1936) -- Part three. What is intelligence? -- Knowing how and knowing that / G. Ryle (1949) -- On defining intelligence / T.R. Miles (1957) -- Part four. Structure of the mind -- The hierarchy of ability / P.E. Vernon (1950) -- The structure of the mind / C. Burt (1949) --Three faces of intellect / J.P. Guilford (1959) -- Part five: Nature versus nurture -- The growth and decline of intelligence / D.O. Hebb (1949) -- The evidence for the concept of intelligence / C. Burt (1955) -- Genetics and intelligence / L. Erlenmeyer-Kimling and L.F. Jarvik (1963) -- Part six. Wider implications -- Learning and human ability / G. A. Ferguson (1954) -- The changing composition of intelligence / P.R. Hofstaetter (1954) -- Intelligence and experience / J. McV. Hunt (1961) -- Further reading -- Acknowledgements -- Author index -- Subject index.
The slow emergence of a coherent theory of the structure of human abilities' is both the subject and the object of this volume. Professor Wiseman has chosen Readings from philosophers and psychologists, covering a century of speculation, hypothesis and research on man's intellectual powers. The earlier papers provide the student with a historical perspective from which he can appraise the present position. In the last section of the book Professor Wiseman presents some of the results of research into learning theory and into human ability. The integration of these two sectors of psychological enquiry will, he believes, revolutionize the work of the educational and vocational psychologists of the future