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Coping mediates the relationship between sense of coherence and mental quality of life in patients with chronic illness [Elektronisk resurs] a cross-sectional study

Kristofferzon, Marja-Leena, 1950- (författare)
Engström, Maria (författare)
Nilsson, Annika (författare)
Uppsala universitet Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet (utgivare)
Publicerad: 2018
Engelska.
Ingår i: Quality of Life Research. - 0962-9343. ; 27:7, 1855-1863
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  • The aim of the present study was to investigate relationships between sense of coherence, emotion-focused coping, problem-focused coping, coping efficiency, and mental quality of life (QoL) in patients with chronic illness. A model based on Lazarus' and Folkman's stress and coping theory tested the specific hypothesis: Sense of coherence has a direct and indirect effect on mental QoL mediated by emotion-focused coping, problem-focused coping, and coping efficiency in serial adjusted for age, gender, educational level, comorbidity, and economic status. The study used a cross-sectional and correlational design. Patients (n = 292) with chronic diseases (chronic heart failure, end-stage renal disease, multiple sclerosis, stroke, and Parkinson) completed three questionnaires and provided background data. Data were collected in 2012, and a serial multiple mediator model was tested using PROCESS macro for SPSS. The test of the conceptual model confirmed the hypothesis. There was a significant direct and indirect effect of sense of coherence on mental QoL through the three mediators. The model explained 39% of the variance in mental QoL. Self-perceived effective coping strategies are the most important mediating factors between sense of coherence and QoL in patients with chronic illness, which supports Lazarus' and Folkman's stress and coping theory. 

Ämnesord

Medical and Health Sciences  (hsv)
Health Sciences  (hsv)
Nursing  (hsv)
Medicin och hälsovetenskap  (hsv)
Hälsovetenskaper  (hsv)
Omvårdnad  (hsv)

Indexterm och SAB-rubrik

Coping
Chronic illness
Quality of life
Sense of coherence
Coping effectiveness
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