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From loss of life to loss of years [Elektronisk resurs] a different view on the burden of injury fatalities in Sweden 1972-2014

Ryen, Linda (författare)
Bonander, Carl, 1988- (författare)
Svensson, Mikael (författare)
Karlstads universitet Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013) (utgivare)
Publicerad: Oxford University Press, 2018
Engelska.
Ingår i: European Journal of Public Health. - 1101-1262. ; 28:5, 853-858
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  • Background: Worldwide, about 5.8 million people die each year due to injuries. In Sweden, the corresponding number amounts to 3000. There are large differences among injury types regarding the age-profile of the fatalities and as most of them occur in older age groups, counting the absolute number of injury fatalities does not fully reflect the size of the burden of injury. Methods: Using age-and sex-specific life expectancy tables in combination with data on external causes of injury, the number of injury fatalities in Sweden for the time period 1972-2014 is converted to a sum of potential years of life lost (PYLL). We then fit cause and group-specific spline regression models to the data to estimate temporal trends in both fatality counts and PYLL. Results: There has been a steady reduction in the number of injury fatalities and in the sum of PYLL from the early 1970s to around the year 2000. Since then, there has been an increase in the number of injury fatalities and in the sum of PYLL. The upward trend is mainly explained by an increasing number of deaths due to poisonings and suicide, specifically among younger men. Conclusions: The increases in suicide and poisoning mortality offset the reductions in downward trending causes of injury mortality during the last decades. The share of PYLL is larger than the share of fatalities for both suicides and poisonings implying that an aging population does not cause the increase. 

Ämnesord

Medical and Health Sciences  (hsv)
Health Sciences  (hsv)
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology  (hsv)
Medicin och hälsovetenskap  (hsv)
Hälsovetenskaper  (hsv)
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi  (hsv)
Public Health Science  (kau)
Folkhälsovetenskap  (kau)

Genre

government publication  (marcgt)

Indexterm och SAB-rubrik

aging
death
life expectancy
time factors
mortality
suicide
poisoning
years of potential life lost
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