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Acute stroke care in dementia [Elektronisk resurs] A cohort study from the Swedish Dementia and Stroke Registries

Zupanic, Eva (författare)
Kåreholt, Ingemar, 1960- (författare)
Norrving, Bo (författare)
Secnik, Juraj (författare)
von Euler, Mia (författare)
Winblad, Bengt (författare)
Religa, Dorota (författare)
Kramberger, Milica Gregoric (författare)
Johnell, Kristina (författare)
Eriksdotter, Maria (författare)
Garcia-Ptacek, Sara (författare)
Hälsohögskolan Högskolan i Jönköping (utgivare)
Hälsohögskolan Högskolan i Jönköping (utgivare)
Publicerad: IOS Press, 2018
Engelska.
Ingår i: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease. - 1387-2877. ; 66:1, 185-194
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  • METHODS: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data 2010-2014 from the Swedish national dementia registry (SveDem) and the Swedish national stroke registry (Riksstroke). Patients with dementia who suffered an acute ischemic stroke (AIS) (n = 1,356) were compared with matched non-dementia AIS patients (n = 6,755). Outcomes included length of stay in a stroke unit, total length of hospitalization, and utilization of diagnostic tests and assessments. RESULTS: The median age at stroke onset was 83 years. While patients with dementia were equally likely to be directly admitted to a stroke unit as their non-dementia counterparts, their stroke unit and total hospitalization length were shorter (10.5 versus 11.2 days and 11.6 versus 13.5, respectively, p < 0.001). Dementia patients were less likely to receive carotid ultrasound (OR 0.36, 95% CI [0.30-0.42]) or undergo assessments by the interdisciplinary team members (physiotherapists, speech therapists, occupational therapists; p < 0.05 for all adjusted models). However, a similar proportion of patients received CT imaging (97.4% versus 98.6%, p = 0.001) and a swallowing assessment (90.7% versus 91.8%, p = 0.218). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with dementia who suffer an ischemic stroke have equal access to direct stroke unit care compared to non-dementia patients; however, on average, their stay in a stroke unit and total hospitalization are shorter. Dementia patients are also less likely to receive specific diagnostic tests and assessments by the interdisciplinary stroke team. BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that patients with dementia receive less testing and treatment for stroke. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to investigate hospital management of acute ischemic stroke in patients with and without dementia. 

Ämnesord

Medical and Health Sciences  (hsv)
Clinical Medicine  (hsv)
Neurology  (hsv)
Medicin och hälsovetenskap  (hsv)
Klinisk medicin  (hsv)
Neurologi  (hsv)
Medical and Health Sciences  (hsv)
Clinical Medicine  (hsv)
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems  (hsv)
Medicin och hälsovetenskap  (hsv)
Klinisk medicin  (hsv)
Kardiologi  (hsv)

Genre

government publication  (marcgt)

Indexterm och SAB-rubrik

Cohort studies
dementia
hospital management
ischemic stroke
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