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Mechanism and kinetics of thermal degradation of insulating materials developed from cellulose fiber and fire retardants [Elektronisk resurs]

Zheng, Chao, 1988- (författare)
KTH Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH) (utgivare)
Publicerad: 2018
Engelska.
Ingår i: Journal of thermal analysis and calorimetry (Print). - 1388-6150.
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  • The mechanism and kinetics of thermal degradation of materials developed from cellulose fiber and synergetic fire retardant or expandable graphite have been investigated using thermogravimetric analysis. The model-free methods such as Kissinger–Akahira–Sunose (KAS), Friedman, and Flynn–Wall–Ozawa (FWO) were applied to measure apparent activation energy (Ea).The increased Ea indicated a greater thermal stability because of the formation of a thermally stable char, and the decreased Ea after the increasing region related to the catalytic reaction of the fire retardants, which revealed that the pyrolysis of fire retardant-containing cellulosic materials through more complex and multi-step kinetics. The Friedman method can be considered as the best method to evaluate the Ea of fire-retarded cellulose thermal insulation compared with the KAS and two methods. A master-plots method such as the Criado method was used to determine the possible degradation mechanisms. The degradation of cellulose thermal insulation without a fire retardant is governed by a D3 diffusion process when the conversion value is below 0.6, but the materials containing synergetic fire retardant and expandable graphite fire retardant may have a complicated reaction mechanism that fits several proposed theoretical models in different conversion ranges. Gases released during the thermal degradation were identified by pyrolysis–gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Fire retardants could catalyze the dehydration of cellulosic thermal insulating materials at a lower temperature and facilitate the generation of furfural and levoglucosenone, thus promoting the formation of char. These results provide useful information to understand the pyrolysis and fire retardancy mechanism of fire-retarded cellulose thermal insulation. 

Ämnesord

Engineering and Technology  (hsv)
Materials Engineering  (hsv)
Paper, Pulp and Fiber Technology  (hsv)
Teknik och teknologier  (hsv)
Materialteknik  (hsv)
Pappers-, massa- och fiberteknik  (hsv)
Agricultural and Veterinary sciences  (hsv)
Agricultural Science, Forestry and Fisheries  (hsv)
Wood Science  (hsv)
Lantbruksvetenskap och veterinärmedicin  (hsv)
Lantbruksvetenskap, skogsbruk och fiske  (hsv)
Trävetenskap  (hsv)

Indexterm och SAB-rubrik

Thermal degradation
Thermal kinetics
Fire retardant
Cellulose fiber
Thermal insulating
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