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The Oxford handbook of the African Sahel / Leonardo A. Villalón.

Villalón, Leonardo Alfonso, 1957- (redaktör/utgivare)
ISBN 9780198816959
Publicerad: New York : Oxford University Press, 2021
Engelska xvii, 813 pages
Serie: Oxford handbooks series
  • Bok
Innehållsförteckning Sammanfattning
  • Editor's Introduction -- Framing the Sahel: Spaces, Challenges, Encounters / Leonardo A. Villalón -- Section I: The Sahel as Region -- 1:Mapping the Sahelian Space / Olivier Walther and Denis Retaillé -- 2:French Colonialism and the Making of the Modern Sahel / Gregory Mann -- 3:The Construction of States and Societies in the Sahel / Jean-Pierre Olivier de Sardan -- 4:Civil Society and Political Order in the Sahel / Augustin Loada -- Section II: National Trajectories -- 5:Senegal: A Success Story and a Patrimonial Democracy / Marie Brossier -- 6:Mauritania: Exceptionalism and Vulnerability / Boubacar N'Diaye -- 7:Mali: Collapse and Instability / Bruce Whitehouse -- 8:Burkina Faso: Beyond Autocracy, New Roads Open / Ernest Harsch -- 9:Niger: Precarious Stability / Lisa Mueller -- 10:Chad: Realpolitik and Aspirational Deprivation / Ketil Fred Hansen -- ?Section III: The Environment and the Challenge of Climate Change -- Introduction / Sarah McKune -- 11:Land Use Change and Climate-Smart Agriculture in the Sahel / Suzanne Cotillon, Gray Tappen, and Chris Reij -- 12:The Challenge of Food and Nutritional Security / Sarah McKune -- 13:Demography and Health in the Context of Climate Change / Alisha Graves, Nouhou Abdoul Moumouni, and Malcom Potts -- 14:Climate Change and Human Conflict in the Sahel /Tor A. Benjaminsen -- 15:Drivers of Growth and Decline in Sahelian Livestock Sectors / Marjatta Eilittä -- ?Section IV: The Challenges of Development -- Introduction / Renata Serra -- 16:Informal economies of the Sahel / Ahmadou Aly Mbaye and Fatou Guèye -- 17:Agricultural Policies and Development in the Sahel / Renata Serra -- 18:The Political Economy of Aid in the Sahel / Isaline Bergamaschi -- 19:Corruption and the State in the Sahel / Giorgio Blundo -- Section V: The Challenge of Governing -- Section Editor's Introduction / Sebastian Elischer -- 20:The Democratic Struggle in the Sahel / Mamadou Bodian and Leonardo A. Villalón -- 21:Political Parties and Elite Resilience in Sahelian Politics / Daniel Eizenga -- 22:Militaries in Sahelian Politics / Sebastian Elischer -- 23:Security Provision and Counterterrorism in the Sahel / Cristina Barrios -- 24:French Interventions in the Sahel / Roland Marchal -- Section VI: The Intellectual Landscape -- Introduction / Alioune Sow -- 25:Towards a History of Ideas in the Sahel / Felwine Sarr -- 26:Yesterday Meets Tomorrow in Sahelian Intellectual Currents / Rahmane Idrissa -- 27:The Literary History of the Sahel / Alioune Sow -- Section VII: A Religious Landscape in Flux -- Introduction / Bejamin Soares -- 28:Islamic Intellectual Traditions in the Sahel / Rüdiger Seesemann -- 29:Islam and Muslim Societies in the Contemporary Sahel / Benjamin Soares -- 30:Jihadist Insurgencies in the Sahel / Ibrahim Yahaya Ibrahim -- 31:Muslim Women's Social Movements in the Sahel / Ousseina Alidou -- 32:Negotiating Secularism in the Sahel / Alexander Thurston -- Section VIII: The Changing Social Mosaic -- Introduction / Fiona McLaughlin -- 33:Social Stratification in the Sahel / Cédric Jourde -- 34:The Linguistic Ecology of the Sahel / Fiona Mc Laughlin -- 35:Pastoralist Societies in the Sahel / Wendy Wilson-Fall -- 36:Education, Citizenship, and National Identity in the Sahel / Leonardo A. Villalón and Mamadou Bodian -- ?Section IX: On the Move: Urbanization, Migration, Transnationalism -- Introduction / Abdoulaye Kane -- 37:Urbanization and the Dynamics of Change in the Sahel / Florence Boyer and David Lessault -- 38:Sahelian Migrations within Africa / Sylvie Bredeloup -- 39:Trans-Saharan Migration through and from the Sahel / Harouna Mounkaila -- 40:Sahelian Transnational Networks and Diasporas / Abdoulaye Kane. 
  • "Bringing together a wide diversity of authors based on three continents and from different disciplinary backgrounds, this book offers analyses of a wide range of factors that characterize and that are shaping the future of the African Sahel. In forty chapters, organized in nine sections, the book examines this complex and rapidly changing region on multiple dimensions. Collectively, the book attempts to offer an understanding of the specificity of the Sahel, and to examine its core characteristics as shaped by the geographic, cultural, and political parameters that define it. Following a series of chapters focused on the shaping of the Sahelian space as a region, six chapters explore the distinct national trajectories of the countries of the political Sahel: Senegal, Mali, Niger, Burkina Faso, Mauritania, Chad,. The extraordinary combination of environmental, economic and political challenges, and the ways in which Sahelian states and societies have responded, are the primary focus of the three subsequent sections, while the various parameters of the lived realities of these societies in motion are explored in the four final sections of the book. Transversally throughout, the chapters aim to offer an interdisciplinary and holistic view of the challenges and the dynamics that are shaping a region at an historical crossroads, and an understanding of the many factors that feed and perpetuate its vulnerabilities and fragilities, as well as its sources of resilience"-- 
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