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Long-term clinical outcomes after coronary artery bypass grafting with pedicled saphenous vein grafts [Elektronisk resurs]

Janiec, Mikael (författare)
Friberg, Örjan (författare)
Thelin, Stefan (författare)
Uppsala universitet Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet (utgivare)
Publicerad: 2018
Engelska.
Ingår i: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery. - 1749-8090. ; 13:1
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  • BACKGROUND: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) using saphenous vein grafts (SVG) is vitiated by poor long-term patency of the vein grafts. Pedicled SVG harvested with the "no-touch" (NT) technique have demonstrated improved patency and could confer better outcomes. We aim to compare long-term results after CABG where NT or conventional technique was used for vein graft harvesting in a hypothesis-generating registry-based study. METHODS: Two propensity score matched cohorts (1349 patients) undergoing CABG with veins harvested with NT (NTT) or conventional (CT) technique in Sweden over the period 2005-2015 were used to compare long-term outcomes. Mortality, postoperative incidence of coronary angiography and need for reintervention was recorded and multivariable hazard ratios adjusted for risk factors were calculated. RESULTS: The mean follow-up time (SD) was 6.8 (3.3) years for NTT and 6.6 (3.2) years for CT. The adjusted hazard ratios for death, first angiography and need for reintervention for NTT patients were (95% CI) 0.97 (0.80-1.19), 0.76 (0.63-0.93), 0.91 (0.78-1.05), and 0.91 (0.71-1.17), respectively. Failed grafts were found in 43.2% of NTT patients and 53.6% of CT patients at angiography. CONCLUSIONS: In this study NT grafting was associated with a lower risk for repeat angiography, however no difference could be observed for mortality and need for reintervention. The earlier reported improvements in patency of NT veins could possibly be reflected in an improved clinical outcome during the first 10 years after surgery. 

Ämnesord

Medical and Health Sciences  (hsv)
Clinical Medicine  (hsv)
Surgery  (hsv)
Medicin och hälsovetenskap  (hsv)
Klinisk medicin  (hsv)
Kirurgi  (hsv)

Genre

government publication  (marcgt)

Indexterm och SAB-rubrik

CABG
Coronary artery bypass grafting
No-touch
Pedicled vein grafts
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