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Are 'low socioeconomic status' and 'religiousness' barriers to minority women's use of contraception? A qualitative exploration and critique of a common argument in reproductive health research [Elektronisk resurs]

Arousell, Jonna, 1985- (författare)
Carlbom, Aje (författare)
Johnsdotter, Sara (författare)
Essén, Birgitta, 1961- (författare)
Uppsala universitet Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet (utgivare)
Publicerad: 2019
Engelska.
Ingår i: Midwifery. - 0266-6138. ; 75, 59-65
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  • Objective: 'Low socioeconomic status' and 'religiousness' appear to have gained status as nearly universal explanatory models for why women in minority groups are less likely to use contraception than other women in the Scandinavian countries. Through interviews with pious Muslim women with immigrant background, living in Denmark and Sweden, we wanted to gain empirical insights that could inform a discussion about what 'low socioeconomic status' and 'religiousness' might mean with regard to women's reproductive decisions. Design: Semi-structured interviews were conducted in Denmark and Sweden between 2013 and 2016. Findings: We found that a low level of education and a low income were not necessarily obstacles for women's use of contraception; rather, these were strong imperatives for women to wait to have children until their life circumstances become more stable. Arguments grounded in Islamic dictates on contraception became powerful tools for women to substantiate how it is religiously appropriate to postpone having children, particularly when their financial and emotional resources were not yet established. Conclusion: We have shown that the dominant theory that 'low socioeconomic status' and 'religiousness' are paramount barriers to women's use of contraception must be problematized. When formulating suggestions for how to provide contraceptive counseling to women in ethnic and religious minority groups in Denmark and Sweden, one must also take into account that factors such as low financial security as well as religious convictions can be strong imperatives for women to use contraception. Implications for practice: This study can help inform a critical discussion about the difficulties of using broad group-categorizations for understanding individuals' health-related behavior, as well as the validity of targeted interventions towards large heterogeneous minority groups in Scandinavian contraceptive counseling. 

Ämnesord

Medical and Health Sciences  (hsv)
Health Sciences  (hsv)
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology  (hsv)
Medicin och hälsovetenskap  (hsv)
Hälsovetenskaper  (hsv)
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi  (hsv)
Medical and Health Sciences  (hsv)
Clinical Medicine  (hsv)
Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine  (hsv)
Medicin och hälsovetenskap  (hsv)
Klinisk medicin  (hsv)
Reproduktionsmedicin och gynekologi  (hsv)

Genre

government publication  (marcgt)

Indexterm och SAB-rubrik

Muslim women
Immigrant women
Contraceptive use
Reproductive health
Denmark
Sweden
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