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Contrasting Responses among Aquatic Organism Groups to Changes in Geomorphic Complexity Along a Gradient of Stream Habitat Restoration [Elektronisk resurs] Implications for Restoration Planning and Assessment

Hasselquist, Eliza Maher (författare)
Polvi, Lina E (författare)
Kahlert, Maria (författare)
Nilsson, Christer (författare)
Sandberg, Lisa (författare)
Mckie, Brendan G. (författare)
Umeå universitet Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten (utgivare)
Publicerad: MDPI, 2018
Engelska.
Ingår i: Water. - 2073-4441. ; 10:10
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  • Many stream restoration projects aim to increase geomorphic complexity, assuming that this increases habitat heterogeneity and, thus, biodiversity. However, empirical data supporting these linkages remain scant. Previous assessments of stream restoration suffer from incomplete quantification of habitat complexity, or a narrow focus on only one organism group and/or one restoration measure, limiting learning. Based on a comprehensive quantification of geomorphic complexity in 20 stream reaches in northern Sweden, ranging from streams channelized for timber floating to restored and reference reaches, we investigated responses of macroinvertebrates, diatoms, and macrophytes to multiple geomorphic metrics. Sediment size heterogeneity, which was generally improved in restored sites, favored macroinvertebrate and diatom diversity and macroinvertebrate abundance. In contrast, macrophyte diversity responded to increased variation along the longitudinal stream profile (e.g., step-pools), which was not consistently improved by the restoration. Our analyses highlight the value of learning across multiple restoration projects, both in identifying which aspects of restoration have succeeded, and pinpointing other measures that might be targeted during adaptive management or future restoration. Given our results, a combination of restoration measures targeting not only sediment size heterogeneity, but also features such as step-pools and instream wood, is most likely to benefit benthic biota in streams. 

Ämnesord

Agricultural and Veterinary sciences  (hsv)
Other Agricultural Sciences  (hsv)
Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use  (hsv)
Lantbruksvetenskap och veterinärmedicin  (hsv)
Annan lantbruksvetenskap  (hsv)
Miljö- och naturvårdsvetenskap  (hsv)

Genre

government publication  (marcgt)

Indexterm och SAB-rubrik

bioassessment
boreal
bryophyte
hydromorphology
riparian
river
substrate heterogeneity
woody bris
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