Startsida
Hjälp
Sök i LIBRIS databas

     

 

Sökning: onr:cm0trg4690327d3x > Lymphatic filariasi...

Lymphatic filariasis transmission in Rufiji District, southeastern Tanzania [Elektronisk resurs] infection status of the human population and mosquito vectors after twelve rounds of mass drug administration

Jones, Clarer (författare)
Ngasala, Billy (författare)
Derua, Yahya A. (författare)
Tarimo, Donath (författare)
Reimer, Lisa (författare)
Bockarie, Moses (författare)
Malecela, Mwelecele N. (författare)
Uppsala universitet Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet (utgivare)
Publicerad: BMC, 2018
Engelska.
Ingår i: Parasites & Vectors. - 1756-3305. ; 11
Läs hela texten
Läs hela texten
Läs hela texten
  • E-artikel/E-kapitel
Sammanfattning Ämnesord
Stäng  
  • BackgroundControl of lymphatic filariasis (LF) in most of the sub-Saharan African countries is based on annual mass drug administration (MDA) using a combination of ivermectin and albendazole. Monitoring the impact of this intervention is crucial for measuring the success of the LF elimination programmes. This study assessed the status of LF infection in Rufiji district, southeastern Tanzania after twelve rounds of MDA.MethodsCommunity members aged between 10 and 79 years were examined for Wuchereria bancrofti circulating filarial antigens (CFA) using immunochromatographic test cards (ICTs) and antigen-positive individuals were screened for microfilaraemia. All study participants were examined for clinical manifestation of LF and interviewed for drug uptake during MDA rounds. Filarial mosquito vectors were collected indoor and outdoor and examined for infection with W. bancrofti using a microscope and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) techniques.ResultsOut of 854 participants tested, nine (1.1%) were positive for CFA and one (0.1%) was found to be microfilaraemic. The prevalence of hydrocele and elephantiasis was 4.8% and 2.9%, respectively. Surveyed drug uptake rates were high, with 70.5% of the respondents reporting having swallowed the drugs in the 2014 MDA round (about seven months before this study). Further, 82.7% of the respondents reported having swallowed the drugs at least once since the inception of MDA programme in 2000. Of the 1054 filarial vectors caught indoors and dissected to detect W. bancrofti infection none was found to be infected. Moreover, analysis by qPCR of 1092 pools of gravid Culex quinquefasciatus collected outdoors resulted in an estimated infection rate of 0.1%. None of the filarial vectors tested with qPCR were found to be infective.ConclusionAnalysis of indices of LF infection in the human population and filarial mosquito vectors indicated a substantial decline in the prevalence of LF and other transmission indices, suggesting that local transmission was extremely low if occurring at all in the study areas. We, therefore, recommend a formal transmission assessment survey (TAS) to be conducted in the study areas to make an informed decision on whether Rufiji District satisfied WHO criteria for stopping MDA. 

Ämnesord

Medical and Health Sciences  (hsv)
Health Sciences  (hsv)
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology  (hsv)
Medicin och hälsovetenskap  (hsv)
Hälsovetenskaper  (hsv)
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi  (hsv)
Medical and Health Sciences  (hsv)
Clinical Medicine  (hsv)
Infectious Medicine  (hsv)
Medicin och hälsovetenskap  (hsv)
Klinisk medicin  (hsv)
Infektionsmedicin  (hsv)

Genre

government publication  (marcgt)

Indexterm och SAB-rubrik

Lymphatic filariasis
Mass drug administration
Microfilaremia
Circulating filarial antigens
Hydrocele
Elephantiasis
Wuchereria bancrofti
Tanzania
Inställningar Hjälp

Beståndsinformation saknas

Om LIBRIS
Sekretess
Blogg
Hjälp
Fel i posten?
Kontakt
Teknik och format
Sök utifrån
Sökrutor
Plug-ins
Bookmarklet
Anpassa
Textstorlek
Kontrast
Vyer
LIBRIS söktjänster
SwePub
Sondera
Uppsök

Kungliga biblioteket hanterar dina personuppgifter i enlighet med EU:s dataskyddsförordning (2018), GDPR. Läs mer om hur det funkar här.
Så här hanterar KB dina uppgifter vid användning av denna tjänst.

Copyright © LIBRIS - Nationella bibliotekssystem

 
pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy