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Encyclopaedia of Historical Metrology, Weights, and Measures Volume 1 / Jan Gyllenbok.

Gyllenbok, Jan, 1963- (författare)
Alternativt namn: Svensson, Jan, 1963-
ISBN 9783319575988
Publicerad: Cham : Birkhäuser, cop. 2018
Publicerad: Cham : Birkhäuser, [2018]
Copyright: ©2018
Engelska online resource (xix, 677 sidor)
Serie: Science Networks. Historical Studies, 2296-6080 ; 56
  • E-bok
Innehållsförteckning Sammanfattning Ämnesord
Stäng  
  • Introduction -- 1 Units of Weight -- 2 Units of Length -- 3 Units of Land Area -- 4 Units of Capacity -- 5 Ancient Systems of Measurement -- 6 Medieval Asia -- 7 Medieval Africa -- 8 Diversity of Systems -- 9 National Systems in Europé -- 10 Modern Systems of Measurement -- Systems of Units -- 1 Scientific Systems of Units -- 2 Systems with Three Basic Quantities -- 3 Systems with Four Basic Quantities -- 4 Systems with More Than Four Basic Quantities -- 5 Chronological History of the Metric System -- 6 Main Variants of the Metric System -- 7 SI: The Ultimate System. 
  • A-Z of Scientific and Informal Measures --Time Measurements and Calendars -- 1 The Scientific Field -- 2 Common Types of Calendars -- 3 Calendar Year Components -- 4 Significant Books -- 5 360-Day Calendar -- 6 Abenaki Calendar -- 7 (Ancient) Aboriginal Calendars -- 8 (Old) Achehnese Calendar -- 9 (Ancient) Aetolian Calendar -- 10 (Old) Afghan Lunar Calendar -- 11 Afghan Solar Calendar -- 12 Akamba Calendar -- 13 Akan Calendar -- 14 Alabaamo Calendar -- 15 Aleut Calendar -- 16 Alexandrian Calendar -- 17 Algonquin Calendars -- 18 (Ancient) Amphissan Calendar -- 19 (Old) Anglo-Saxon Calendar -- 20 Anishnaabe Calendar -- 21 (Ancient) Antiochene Calendar -- 22 Arapaho Calendar -- 23 Aristasian Calendar -- 24 Armelin´s Calendar -- 25 (Ancient) Armenian Calendar -- 26 (Ancient) Asianian Calendar -- 27 Assamese Calendar -- 28 (Ancient) Ashkelonian Calendar -- 29 Assiniboine Calendar -- 30 (Ancient) Assyrian Calendar -- 31 Assyrian Calendar -- 32 Athna Calendar -- 33 Atikamekw Calendar -- 34 (Ancient) Attic Calendar -- 35 (Ancient) Avestan Calendar -- 36 Aymaran Calendar -- 37 (Ancient) Aztec Calendars -- 38 Babwende Calendar -- 39 (Ancient) Babylonian Calendar -- 40 Badí Calendar -- 41 Bah´í Calendar -- 42 Bakongo Calendar -- 43 (Ancient) Baltic Calendar -- 44 Bangabda -- 45 Baronga Calendar -- 46 (Old) Basque Calendar -- 47 (Ancient) Batak Calendar -- 48 Bengali Calendar -- 49 Berber Calendar -- 50 Bikram Sambat -- 51 Bikram Samwat -- 52 (Ancient) Bithynian Calendar -- 53 (Ancient) Boeotian Calendar -- 54 (Ancient) Borana Calendar -- 55 (Ancient) Bostran Calendar -- 56 Buddhist Calendars -- 57 (Ancient) Bulgar Calendar -- 58 Burmese Calendar -- 59 Burmese Zodiacal Calendar -- 60 Buryat Calendar -- 61 (Ancient) Byzantine Calendar -- 62 (Ancient) Byzantine Cretan Calendar -- 63 Calendar of the Martyrs -- 64 Calendarium Tyrnaviense -- 65 (Ancient) Cappadocian Calendar -- 66 Caspian Calendar -- 67 Cebuano Calendar. 
  • 68 (Ancient) Celtic Lunar Calendar -- 69 (Ancient) Chaldean Calendar -- 70 Cham Calendar -- 71 Chamorro Calendar -- 72 Charlemagne Calendar -- 73 Chehalis Calendar -- 74 Cherokee Calendar -- 75 Cheyenne Calendar -- 76 Chinese Calendars -- 77 Choctaw Calendars -- 78 Chongzhen Calendar -- 79 (Old) Choresmian Calendar -- 80 Chumash Calendar -- 81 Chuvash Calendar -- 82 (Old) Coligny Calendar -- 83 Comanche Calendar -- 84 (Ancient) Coptic Calendar -- 85 Coptic Calendar -- 86 Creation Era of Constantinople -- 87 Cree Calendars -- 88 (Old) Croatic Calendar -- 89 (Ancient) Cyzicene Calendar -- 90 (Old) Czech Calendar -- 91 Dai Calendar -- 92 (Old) Danish Calendar -- 93 Darian Calendar for Mars -- 94 Dayak Calendar -- 95 (Ancient) Delian Calendar -- 96 (Ancient) Delphic Calendar -- 97 Discordian Calendar -- 98 Discworld Calendar -- 99 (Ancient) Dorian Calendar -- 100 (Old) Drefu Calendar -- 101 (Old) Dutch Calendar -- 102 (Old) Dyulan Calendar -- 103 Ecclesiastical Calendar -- 104 (Ancient) Egyptian Calendars -- 105 (Ancient) Elamite Calendar -- 106 (Ancient) Enoch Calendar -- 107 (Ancient) Ephesian Calendar -- 108 (Ancient) Epidaurian Calendar -- 109 Era of the World -- 110 Erisian Calendar -- 111 Eskaleutic Calendars -- 112 Essene Calendar -- 113 (Old) Estonian Calendar -- 114 Ethiopian Calendar -- 115 Evenk Calendar -- 116 Ewe Calendar -- 117 Falī Calendar -- 118 Filianic Calendar -- 119 (Old) Finnish Calendar -- 120 Florentine Calendar -- 121 French Republic Calendar -- 122 French Revolutionary Calendar -- 123 (Old) Frisian Calendar -- 124 (Old) Futunan Calendar -- 125 (Old) Gaelic Calendars -- 126 Gaurabda Calendar -- 127 (Ancient) Gazan Calendar -- 128 Ge´ez Calendar -- 129 Genka Calendar -- 130 (Old) Georgian Calendar -- 131 (Ancient) Gezer Calendar -- 132 Giho Calendar -- 133 Goki Calendar -- 134 Goddess Lunar Calendar -- 135 (Old) Gothic Calendar -- 136 (Ancient) Greek Calendars -- 137 Gregorian Calendar -- 138 Greyhawk Calendar. 
  • 139 Haab´ Calendar -- 140 Haida Calendar -- 141 (Ancient) Halosian Calendar -- 142 amsâtum Calendar -- 143 (Old) Hausa Calendar -- 144 (Old) Hawaiian Calendars -- 145 Hebrew Calendar -- 146 (Ancient) Heliopolisan Calendar -- 147 Hereron Calendar -- 148 Hermetic Zodiac Calendar -- 149 (Old) High German Calendar -- 150 Hijri Calendar -- 151 Himba Calendar -- 152 Hindu Calendars -- 153 Hindu Civil Calendar -- 154 (Ancient) Hittite Calendar -- 155 Holocene Calendar -- 156 Hopi Calendar -- 157 Horeki Kojutsu Gen -- 158 Horyaku Calendar -- 159 (Old) Hungarian Calendar -- 160 (Old) Icelandic Calendar -- 161 Igbo Calendar -- 162 Calendar of Imladris -- 163 (Old) Inca Calendars -- 164 Indian Calendar -- 165 Indian Civil Calendar -- 166 Indian National Calendar -- 167 Indian Religious Calendar -- 168 International Calendar -- 169 Inuit Calendars -- 170 Invariable Calendar -- 171 Iranian Calendar -- 172 Islamic Calendar -- 173 Itelmen Calendar -- 174 Jain Calendar -- 175 Jalāli Calendar -- 176 Japanese Calendars -- 177 Javanese Calendar -- 178 Jewish Calendar -- 179 Jokyo Calendar -- 180 Juche Calendar -- 181 Julian Calendar -- 182 Kalapuya Calendar -- 183 Kannada Calendar -- 184 Kansei Calendar -- 185 (Old) Kanurian Calendar -- 186 Karaite Calendar -- 187 Karay-a Calendar -- 188 Kartikadi Vikram -- 189 (Old) Kazakh Calendar -- 190 Keresan Calendar -- 191 Khanty Calendar -- 192 Khasia Calendar -- 193 (Old) Khmer Calendar -- 194 (Old) Khotanese Calendar -- 195 Khowar Calendar -- 196 Khwarezmian Calendar -- 197 Kikongo Calendar -- 198 Kiowa Calendar -- 199 Kjd Calendar -- 200 Kollavarsham Calendar -- 201 Korean Calendars -- 202 Koryak Calendar -- 203 Kumeyaay Calendar -- 204 Kurdish Calendar -- 205 Kuril Calendar -- 206 (Ancient) Lacedaemonian Calendar -- 207 (Ancient) Lagashian Calendar -- 208 Lakota Calendar -- 209 (Ancient) Lamian Calendar -- 210 (Old) Lao Calendar -- 211 Lascaux Calendar -- 212 (Old) Latvian Calendar. 
  • 213 (Old) Lithuanian Calendar -- 214 Luba Calendar -- 215 Luxembourgish Calendar -- 216 (Ancient) Lycian Calendar -- 217 Maasai Calendar -- 218 Mabuygilgal Calendar -- 219 (Ancient) Macedonian Calendar -- 220 (Ancient) Macedonian-Arabic Calendar -- 221 (Ancient) Macedonian-Solonian Calendar -- 222 Maithili Calendar -- 223 Malagasy Calendar -- 224 Malayalam Calendar -- 225 Malvesh Samvat -- 226 Mandinkan Calendar -- 227 (Old) Mangaian Calendar -- 228 Mangsa Calendar -- 229 Mansi Calendar -- 230 Maramataka -- 231 (Ancient) Mari Calendar -- 232 Mayan Long Count Calendar -- 233 Melanau Calendar -- 234 Merina Calendar -- 235 Miawpukek Calendar -- 236 Míngúo Calendar -- 237 Mohawk Calendar -- 238 Mongolian Calendar -- 239 (Old) Moriori Calendar -- 240 (Old) Mursi Calendar -- 241 Muscokee Calendar -- 242 Nabonasser Calendar -- 243 Nagyszombati Kalendrium -- 244 Nama Calendar -- 245 Nanakshahi Calendar -- 246 (Old) Natchez Calendar -- 247 Navajo Calendar -- 248 Ndebele Calendar -- 249 Nenet Calendars -- 250 Nepal Sambat -- 251 Nepāla Savat -- 252 New Era Calendar -- 253 (Old) Niuean Calendar -- 254 (Ancient) Nippurian Calendar -- 255 Nisga´a Calendar -- 256 Normal Calendar -- 257 (Old) Norse Calendar -- 258 (Old) North Frisian Calendar -- 259 Nuer Calendar -- 260 (Old) Nuku Hivan Calendar -- 261 Númenórean Calendar -- 262 Nyakyusa Calendar -- 263 Ojibwe Calendar -- 264 Omaha Calendar -- 265 (Ancient) Oromo Calendar -- 266 Ossetian Calendar -- 267 Ostyak Calendar -- 268 Pāi Calendar -- 269 (Ancient) Palmyrian Calendar -- 270 (Ancient) Paphosian Calendar -- 271 Parsi Calendar -- 272 (Ancient) Parthian Calendar -- 273 Passamaquoddy Calendar -- 274 Pawukon Calendar -- 275 Pax Calendar -- 276 (Ancient) Pentecontad Calendar -- 277 (Ancient) Perrhaebian Calendar -- 278 (Ancient) Persian Calendar -- 279 Perugian Calendar -- 280 Pisan Calendar -- 281 (Old) Polish Calendar -- 282 Pomo Calendar. 
  • 283 Ponca Calendar -- 284 Positivist Calendar -- 285 Potawatomi Calendar -- 286 Quechuan Calendar -- 287 (Ancient) Qumran Calendar -- 288 Rapa Nui Calendar -- 289 Revolutionary Calendar -- 290 (Ancient) Rhodian Calendar -- 291 (Ancient) Roman Calendars -- 292 Roman Egypt Calendar -- 293 Romanian Calendar -- 294 (Old) Rotuman Calendar -- 295 Rumi Calendar -- 296 Runic Calendar -- 297 (Ancient) Sidonian calendar -- 298 Saka Calendar -- 299 Saka Calendar -- 300 (Ancient) Salamisian Calendar -- 301 Samaritan-Israelite Calendar -- 302 (Old) Samoan Calendar -- 303 (Ancient) Samosian Calendar -- 304 (Old) Spmi Calendars -- 305 Sashi Calendar -- 306 (Ancient) Seleucian Calendar -- 307 Selkup Calendar -- 308 Semmyo Calendar -- 309 Sesotho Calendar -- 310 Shahanshahi Calendar -- 311 Shalivahana Calendar -- 312 Shamsi Calendar -- 313 Shawnee Calendar -- 314 Shenshai Calendar -- 315 Shilluk Calendar -- 316 Shire Calendar -- 317 Shíxiàn Calendar -- 318 Shona Calendar -- 319 Shoshone Calendar -- 320 Shoshone Timbisha Calendar -- 321 (Ancient) Sicilian Calendar -- 322 Sìfēn Calendar -- 323 (Old) Sinhala Calendar -- 324 Sioux Calendar -- 325 (Ancient) Sīstānian Calendar -- 326 (Old) Slovenian Calendar -- 327 Society Island Calendars -- 328 (Ancient) Sogdian Calendar -- 329 Solar Hijri Calendar -- 330 (Old) Somali Calendars -- 331 (Old) Sorbian Calendar -- 332 Soviet Calendars -- 333 (Ancient) Sumerian Calendars -- 334 Suriyakhati Calendar -- 335 (Old) Swazi Calendar -- 336 (Old) Swedish Calendar -- 337 Swedish Calendar -- 338 Symmetry454 Calendar -- 339 (Old) Syro-Macedonian Calendar -- 340 Tabarian Calender -- 341 Tahitian Calendars -- 342 Taien Calendar -- 343 Taiwanese Calendar -- 344 Tamil Calendar -- 345 (Old) Tatar Calendar -- 346 (Ancient) Taorminian Calendar -- 347 Telugu Calendar -- 348 Temiar Calendar -- 349 Tenpo Calendar -- 350 Tewan Pueblo Calendar -- 351 (Old) Thai Calendars -- 352 Thai Lunar Calendar. 
  • 353 Thai Solar Calendar -- 354 (Ancient) Thessalian Calendar -- 355 Tibetan Calendar -- 356 Tirhuta Panchang -- 357 Tlingit Calendar -- 358 Tofalar Calendar -- 359 (Old) Tokelau Calendar -- 360 Tonalpohualli Calendar -- 361 (Old) Tongan Calendars -- 362 Tranquility Calendar -- 363 Tripuri Calendar -- 364 (Old) Trobriand Calendar -- 365 (Old) Tuamotuan Calendar -- 366 (Old) Tulunadu Calendar -- 367 (Old) Tumxuk Calendar -- 368 Tun-Uc Calendar -- 369 (Ancient) Tyrean Calendar -- 370 Tzek´eb -- 371 Tzolk´in -- 372 Vaiava Calendar -- 373 Venda Calendar -- 374 (Old) Vietnamese Calendars -- 375 Vikram Samvat -- 376 (Old) West Frisian Calendar -- 377 Wetonan Calendar -- 378 Wiccan Calendar -- 379 Winnebago Calendar -- 380 Wishram Calendar -- 381 Wolof Calendar -- 382 The World Calendar -- 383 World Season Calendar -- 384 Xiuhpohualli Calendar -- 385 Xhosa Calendar -- 386 Xuanming Li Calendar -- 387 Yeniseian Calendar -- 388 Yin Calendar -- 389 Yoruba Calendar -- 390 Yoruk Calendar -- 391 Yukaghir Calendar -- 392 Yupik Calendar -- 393 Zuni Calendar. 
  • Ancient Systems of Weights, Measures and Currencies -- 1 Achaemenid Empire (c. 550 BCE-330 BCE) -- 2 Aksumite Empire (c. 100-c. 940) -- 3 Amorite Culture (c. Twentieth-Seventeenth Century BCE) -- 4 Ancient Arabia (c. 900 BCE-c. 632 CE) -- 5 Argaric Culture (c. 1800 BCE-c. 1200 BCE) -- 6 Kingdom of Armenia (c. 331 BCE-428 CE) -- 7 Assyrian Culture (c. 2000 BCE-c. 612 BCE) -- 8 Aztec Empire (1428-1521) -- 9 Babylonian Culture (c. 1894 BCE-c. 1120 BCE) -- 10 Bithynia (c. 330 BCE-74 BCE) -- 11 Bosporan Kingdom (c. 63-341) -- 12 Byzantine Empire (c. 330-1453) -- 13 Cappadocia (c. 332 BCE-17 CE) -- 14 Carthage (c. 814 BCE-146 BCE) -- 15 Çatalhöyük (In Present-Day Turkey) (c. 7500 BCE-c. 5700 BCE) -- 16 Chaldean Culture -- 17 Ancient China (c. 2100 BCE-c. 1368 CE) -- 18 Dilmun (c. 2300 BCE-c. 1700 BCE) -- 19 Ancient Egypt (c. 5500 BCE-c. 332 BCE) -- 20 Gaul (c. 168 BCE-486 CE) -- 21 Ancient Greece (c. 776 BCE-323 BCE) -- 22 Ancient Hindu, Buddhist and Jain Cultures (c.1700 BCE-c.150 BCE) -- 23 Hittites (c. 1750 BCE-c. 1180 BCE) -- 24 Hurrian Cultures (c. fifteenth-thirteenth Century BCE) -- 25 Indus Valley Cultures (With the Cities Harappa and Mohenjo Daro) (c. 2600 BCE-c. 1750 BCE) -- 26 Islamic Caliphates (c. 632-1258) -- 27 Kingdom of Israel (930-722 BCE/586 BCE) -- 28 Jewish (c. 1050 BCE-c. 930 BCE) -- 29 Kingdom of Judah (c. 930 BCE-586 BCE) -- 30 Kingdom of Lydia (c. 1200 BCE-546 BCE) – 31 Kingdom of Macedonia (c. 800 BCE-146 BCE) -- 32 Kingdom of Magadha (c.600 BCE-321 BCE) -- 33 Maurya Empire (321 BCE-185 BCE) -- 34 Maya Civilization (c. 1800 BCE-c. 900 CE) -- 35 Minoan Civilization (c. 2700 BCE-c. 1400 BCE) -- 36 Mitanni (c. 1500 BCE-c. 1300 BCE) -- 37 Mycenaean Greece (c. 1600 BCE-c. 1050 BCE) -- 38 Neo-Babylonian Empire or Chaldean Culture (c. 626 BCE-539 BCE) -- 39 Odrysian Kingdom (c. 460 BCE-46 CE) -- 40 Parthian Empire (c. 247 BCE-224 CE) -- 41 Persian Empire -- 42 Philistine States (c. 1550 BCE-c. 1200 BCE) -- 43 Phoenician (in present Lebanon) (c. 1200 BCE-c. 539 BCE) -- 44 Ptolemaic Kingdom (305 BCE-30 BCE) -- 45 Ancient Rome (c. 753 BCE-476 CE) -- 46 Sumerian Culture (c. 5300 BCE-1940 BCE) -- 47 Ubaid Period (c. 5300-c. 4100 BCE) -- 48 Uruk Period (c. 4100-c. 2900 BCE) -- 49 Early Dynastic Period (c. 2900-c. 2334 BCE) -- 50 Akkadian Empire or Sargonic Empire (Named After Sargon of Akkad ; c. 2334-c. 2218 BCE) -- 51 Neo-Sumerian Empire or the Ur III Empire (c. 2047-c. 1940 BCE) -- 52 Syrian Culture (c. 1550 BCE-c. 1200 BCE) -- 53 Tamilakam (c. 350 BCE-c. 1300 CE) -- 54 Kingdom of Urartu (c. 860 BCE-585 BCE). 
  • This first of three volumes starts with a short introduction to historical metrology as a scientific discipline and goes on with an anthology of acient and modern measurement systems of all kind, scientific measures, units of time, weights, currencies etc. It concludes with an exhaustive list of references. Units of measurement are of vital importance in every civilization through history. Since the early ages, man has through necessity devised various measures to assist him in everyday life. They have enabled and continue to enable us to trade in commonly and equitably understood amounts, and to investigate, understand, and control the chemical, physical, and biological processes of the natural world. The essence of the work is an alphabetically ordered, comprehensive list of measurement nomenclature, units and scales. It provides an understanding of almost all quantitative expressions observed in all imaginable situations, including spelling variants and the abbreviations and symbols for units, and various acronyms used in metrology. It will be of use not only to historians of science and technology, but also to economic and social historians and should be in every major academic and national library as standard reference work on the topic. 

Ämnesord

Metrologi  (sao)
Mått  (sao)
Vikt  (sao)
Weights and measures  -- History -- Encyclopedias (LCSH)
Time  -- Systems and standards -- Encyclopedias (LCSH)
Weights and measures  (LCSH)
Metrology  (LCSH)
Weights and measures  (LCSH)

Genre

Encycklopedier  (saogf)

Klassifikation

389.109 (DDC)
Tf (kssb/8 (machine generated))
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