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Electroosmotic pumps with electrochemically active electrodes / Per Erlandsson

Erlandsson, Per, 1982- (författare)
Robinson, Nathaniel D 1973- (preses)
Fahlman, Mats 1967- (preses)
Minerick, Adrienne (opponent)
Linköpings universitet. Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi (utgivare)
Alternativt namn: Linköpings universitet. Institutionen för fysik och mätteknik (tidigare namn)
Alternativt namn: Linköpings universitet. Institutionen för fysik och mätteknik, biologi och kemi (tidigare namn)
Alternativt namn: IFM
Alternativt namn: Engelska : Department of Physics and Measurement Technology, Biology and Chemistry
Alternativt namn: Engelska : Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology
Linköpings universitet Tekniska fakulteten (utgivare)
Publicerad: Linköping : Department of Physics, chemistry and Biology, Linköping University, 2018
Engelska 1 onlineresurs (xviii, 59 sidor)
Serie: Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations 0345-7524 ; 1923
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  • E-bokAvhandling(Diss. (sammanfattning) Linköping : Linköpings universitet, 2018)
Sammanfattning Ämnesord
  • Electrokinetic phenomena, motion caused by an applied electric field, can be used to separate molecules based on charge as in capillary electrophoresis, or pump liquids with electroosmosis. As microfluidic devices are becoming more advanced, involving multiple stages (sequential reactions) and requiring smaller amounts of reagent, the demand for precise fluid control and integrated electrodes increases. One of the main reasons for developing lab-on-a-chip devices is the realization of decentralized diagnostics, allowing patients to be monitored without going to a hospital or diagnosed in situations where healthcare infrastructure is not available. The first paper of this thesis investigates the differences in characteristics between an electroosmotic pump with metal electrodes and one using electrochemically active polymer electrodes. With metal electrodes reactions normally take place at the metal/electrolyte interface where the electrolyte or species therein are either reduced or oxidized to maintain an electric current. For water-based electrolytes the electrolysis of water produces pH altering species and gas, which can interfere with microfluidic systems. As electrochemically active electrodes can themselves be reduced or oxidized, the amount of undesired reactions at the polymer/electrolyte interface can be significantly decreased. The second and third papers investigate the use of porous potassium monoliths as electroosmotic pumps in microfluidic devices using electrochemically active electrodes. Porous potassium silicate monoliths were created inside fused silica capillaries in order to increase the pumps resistance to pressure driven flow. Potassium silicate structures without a fused silica capillary as a scaffold were produced in molds of polydimethylsiloxane. Asymmetric pumping properties of these stand-alone monolith was sometimes observed. Monoliths were produced in conical molds in an attempt to increase the asymmetric behavior. 


Polymerer  (sao)
Elektroder  (sao)
Elektrokemi  (sao)
Engineering and Technology  (hsv)
Chemical Engineering  (hsv)
Other Chemical Engineering  (hsv)
Teknik och teknologier  (hsv)
Kemiteknik  (hsv)
Annan kemiteknik  (hsv)
Electrodes  (LCSH)
Electrochemistry  (LCSH)
Polymers  (LCSH)


543.4 (DDC)
Ucefc (kssb/8 (machine generated))
Inställningar Hjälp

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