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Evolutionary Progression of the Iconic Australasian Kangaroos, Rat-Kangaroos, and their Fossil Relatives (Marsupialia: Macropodiformes) [Elektronisk resurs]

den Boer, Wendy 1987- (författare)
Kear, Benjamin (preses)
Janis, Christine (opponent)
Uppsala universitet Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet (utgivare)
Uppsala Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis 2018
Engelska 105
Serie: Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology 1651-6214
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  • E-bokAvhandling(Diss. (sammanfattning) Uppsala : Uppsala universitet, 2018)
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  • The exceptionally diverse macropodiform’s (kangaroos, rat-kangaroos and their fossil allies) currently have a fossil record that spans from the late Oligocene to the Holocene with an Australasian widespread fossil occurence. The origins of the macropodiforms are believed to have been during the Eocene possibly having split from the Phalangeridae. This is largely based on molecular data as there is a complete lack of macropodiform fossil material prior to the late Oligocene leaving the origins of the macropodiforms to be largely speculative. Thus, late Oligocene rat-kangaroo dental fossil elements associated with Palaeopotorous priscus (which shares characteristics observed in both phalangerid and macropodiforms) were examined to get a better insight into the potential origins of the macropodiforms. The results obtained suggested that P. priscus is currently the most basal macropodiform known. Furthermore, due to the absence of adequate macropodiform post-cranial material, the functional eco-morphological interpretation of various macropodiform fossil taxa has been based largely on cranial and dental characteristics. Consequently, the examination of Miocene Balbaridae kangaroo’s ( Balbaroo nalima and an untaxonomised balbarid) post-cranial elements was undertaken, suggesting an array of locomotion types (similar to living macropodiforms) and a likely persistent arboreal and quadrupedal lifestyle. In addition, the Pleistocene Protemnodon anak ’s post-cranial material are examined, proposing a probable combination of quadrupedal bounding and a slow walking gait alternative to the eminent fast bipedal saltation seen in almost all extant macropodiforms. 

Ämnesord

Natural Sciences  (hsv)
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences  (hsv)
Other Earth and Related Environmental Sciences  (hsv)
Naturvetenskap  (hsv)
Geovetenskap och miljövetenskap  (hsv)
Annan geovetenskap och miljövetenskap  (hsv)
Earth Science with specialization in Historical Geology and Palaeontology  (uu)
Geovetenskap med inriktning mot historisk geologi och paleontologi  (uu)

Indexterm och SAB-rubrik

macropodiforms
kangaroos
rat-kangaroos
fossil ancestors
post-cranial
eco-morphology
systematic
phylogeny
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