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Electronic Structure of π-Conjugated Materials and Their Effect on Organic Photovoltaics / Chuanfei Wang

Wang, Chuanfei, 1986- (författare)
Fahlman, Mats 1967- (preses)
Liu, Xianjie 1971- (preses)
Wang, Ergang (preses)
Xu, Zong-Xiang (opponent)
Linköpings universitet. Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi (utgivare)
Alternativt namn: Linköpings universitet. Institutionen för fysik och mätteknik (tidigare namn)
Alternativt namn: Linköpings universitet. Institutionen för fysik och mätteknik, biologi och kemi (tidigare namn)
Alternativt namn: IFM
Alternativt namn: Engelska : Department of Physics and Measurement Technology, Biology and Chemistry
Alternativt namn: Engelska : Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology
Linköpings universitet Tekniska fakulteten (utgivare)
Linköping Linköping University Electronic Press 2017
Engelska 1 onlineresurs (xii, 84 sidor)
Serie: Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, 0345-7524 ; v 1893
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  • E-bokAvhandling(Diss. (sammanfattning) Linköping : Linköpings universitet, 2017)
Sammanfattning Ämnesord
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  • The great tunability of structure and electronic properties of π-conjugated organic molecules/polymers combined with other advantages such as light weight and flexibility etc., have made organic-based electronics the focus of an exciting still-growing field of physics and chemistry for more than half a century. The application of organic electronics has led to the appearance of wide range of organic electronic devices mainly including organic light emitting diodes (OLED), organic field effect transistors (OFET) and organic solar cells (OSC). The application of the organic electronic devices mainly is limited by two dominant parameters, i.e., their performance and stability. Up to date, OLED has been successfully commercialized in the market while the OSC are still on the way to commercialization hindered by low efficiency and inferior stability. Understanding the energy levels of organic materials and energy level alignment of the devices is crucial to control the efficiency and stability of the OSC. In this thesis, energy levels measured by different methods are studied to explore their relationship with device properties, and the strategies on how to design efficient and stable OSC based on energy level diagrams are provided. Cyclic Voltammetry (CV) is a traditional and widely used method to probe the energy levels of organic materials, although there is little consensus on how to relate the oxidation/reduction potential (( E ox / E red ) to the vacuum level. Ultraviolet Photoelectron Spectroscopy (UPS) can be used to directly detect vertical ionization potential ( IP ) of organic materials. In this thesis, a linear relationship of IP and E ox was found, with a slope equal to unity. The relationship provides for easy conversion of values obtained by the two techniques, enabling complementarily use in designing and fabricating efficient and stable OSC. A popular rule of thumb is that the offset between the LUMO levels of donor and acceptor should be 0.3 eV, according to which a binary solar cell with the minimum voltage losses around 0.49 V was designed here. Introduction of the ternary blend as active layer is an efficient way to improve both efficiency and stability of the OSC. Based on our studied energy-level diagram within the integer charge transfer (ICT) model, we designed ternary solar cells with enhanced open circuit voltage for the first time and improved thermal stability compared to reference binary ones. The ternary solar cell with minimum voltage losses was developed by combining two donor materials with same ionization potential and positive ICT energy while featuring complementary optical absorption. Furthermore, the fullerene acceptor was chosen so that the energy of the positive ICT state of the two donor polymers is equal to the energy of negative ICT state of the fullerene, which can enhance dissociation of all polymer donor and fullerene acceptor excitons and suppress bimolecular and trap-assistant recombination. Rapid development of non-fullerene acceptors in the last two years affords more recipes of designing both efficient and stabile OSC. We show in this thesis how non-fullerene acceptors successfully can be used to design ternary solar cells with both enhanced efficiency and thermal stability. Besides improving the efficiency of the devices, understanding of the stability and degradation mechanism is another key issue. The degradation of conjugated molecules/polymers often follow many complicated pathways and at the same time many factors for degradation are coupled with each other. Therefore, the degradation of non-fullerene acceptors was investigated in darkness by photoelectron spectroscopy in this thesis with the in-situ method of controlling exposure of O 2 and water vapor separately. 

Ämnesord

Kemisk bindning  (sao)
Engineering and Technology  (hsv)
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering  (hsv)
Solceller  (sao)
Kemisk bindning  (sao)
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering  (hsv)
Teknik och teknologier  (hsv)
Elektroteknik och elektronik  (hsv)
Annan elektroteknik och elektronik  (hsv)
Natural Sciences  (hsv)
Physical Sciences  (hsv)
Condensed Matter Physics  (hsv)
Naturvetenskap  (hsv)
Fysik  (hsv)
Den kondenserade materiens fysik  (hsv)
Natural Sciences  (hsv)
Chemical Sciences  (hsv)
Physical Chemistry  (hsv)
Naturvetenskap  (hsv)
Kemi  (hsv)
Fysikalisk kemi  (hsv)
Solar cells  (LCSH)

Klassifikation

547.7 (DDC)
Ucebh (kssb/8 (machine generated))
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