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"We are not like our mothers" : migrants, modernity and identity in northeast Thailand / Mary Elisabeth Mills

Mills, Mary Elisabeth (författare)
Ann Arbor, Michigan, University Microfilms International, ProQuest ; 2013
Engelska vii, 246 p.
  • BokAvhandling(Diss, University of California, Berkeley, 1993.)
Sammanfattning Ämnesord
  • Data for this study of migration is based on a survey conducted among 97 Baan Naa Sakae households in northeastern Thailand in 1990 and ethnographic field work conducted in 1989. The study describes the influence of modernity and migration on gender relations and households and the adjustment of rural female migrants in Bangkok Metropolis. For women, the attraction of the city brings the illusion of beauty, modernity, and mobility. Beauty in Thailand is based on lightness of skin color, and urban employment offers work inside safe from the darkening rays of the sun. Social status is also enhanced at home when remittances are sent. The urban setting challenges concepts. Beauty traditionally is based on women's sexual propriety and modesty, while urban centered culture links beauty with modernity and active sexuality. There is personal autonomy, but few opportunities to realize the glamour. Most jobs entail low wages and insecurity, and there is always pressure from home for remittances. Masculinity does not have the restrictions because of higher wages. Women from Baan Naa Sakae frequently move in small groups in order to seek work in Bangkok. The move is made when the rice harvest is over. Motives can be the need for cash, desire for modernity, and emotional and moral obligations. Women maintain wage work not just for money but for achieving social goals. Personal contact with someone returning from Bangkok can act as a catalyst. A sense of duty and adventure are involved in the decision to move. Work can be very demanding with changing shifts over a 24 hour period. The loneliness and limited autonomy clash with the glamorous images of independence and adventure. Relationships with employers are based on a form of paternalism, but workers are clearly aware of wages. Remittances are rarely regular. The lure of consumer culture is strong; leisure involves outings and wearing jeans. The low status in the city is offset by their higher status in their rural home for providing remittances. Migrant women are caught between being modern women and being good daughters. Marriage offers no choice. Women must negotiate shifts in geographic space, identities, and social relations. 


Migration  (sao)
Mänskliga relationer  (sao)
Landsbygdsbefolkning  (sao)
Demografi  (sao)
Kvinnor i U-länder  (sao)
Befolkning  (sao)
Interpersonal relations  (LCSH)
Emigration and immigration  (LCSH)
Population  (LCSH)
Rural population  (LCSH)
Demography  (LCSH)
Anthropology, Cultural  (MeSH)
Culture  (MeSH)
Economics  (MeSH)
Interpersonal Relations  (MeSH)
Rural Population  (MeSH)
Social Change  (MeSH)
Transients and Migrants  (MeSH)
Urban Population  (MeSH)
Anthropology  (MeSH)
Demography  (MeSH)
Developing Countries  (MeSH)
Emigration and Immigration  (MeSH)
Population  (MeSH)
Population Characteristics  (MeSH)
Population Dynamics  (MeSH)
Social Sciences  (MeSH)
Asia  (MeSH)
Asia, Southeastern  (MeSH)
Southeastern Asia 
Thailand  (MeSH)


Academic Dissertations  (MeSH)


325 (DDC)
Ohd-ocb (kssb/8)
Inställningar Hjälp

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