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Physics of societal issues : calculations on national security, environment, and energy / David Hafemeister.

Hafemeister, David W. (författare)
ISBN 0387955607
Publicerad: New York : Springer, c2007.
Engelska xvii, 487 p.
  • Bok
Innehållsförteckning Ämnesord
Stäng  
  • Preface -- National security -- 1. Nuclear weapons -- 1.1. Nuclear age -- 1.2. Fission energetics -- 1.3. Scaling laws and critical masses -- 1.4. Efficiency and neutron generations -- 1.5. Plutonium implosion weapons -- 1.6. Boosted primaries and H bombs -- 1.7. Neutron bomb -- 1.8. Nuclear weapon effects -- 2. The offense : missiles and war games -- 2.1. Rocket equation -- 2.2. ICBM trajectories -- 2.3. ICBM accuracy -- 2.4. GPS accuracy -- 2.5. Kill probability = f (CEP, H, Y, R, n, fratricide) -- 2.6. Nuclear conflicts -- 2.7. Conventional conflicts -- 3. The defense : ABM/SDI/BMD/NMD -- 3.1. ABM history -- 3.2. Target interactions -- 3.3. Nuclear ABMs -- 3.4. Particle beam weapons -- 3.5. Laser weapons -- 3.6. Orbital chemical lasers -- 3.7. Earth-based lasers -- 3.8. X-ray laser pumped with a nuclear explosion -- 3.9. Kinetic kill vehicles -- 3.10. Airborne laser -- 3.11. AntiSatellite weapons -- 3.12. Rail guns --. 
  • 4. Verification and arms control treaties -- 4.1. Verification context -- 4.2. Arms control treaties -- 4.3. Optical reconnaissance -- 4.4. Adaptive optics -- 4.5. Digital image processing -- 4.6. Infrared reconnaissance -- 4.7. Radar reconnaissance -- 4.8. Nuclear tests in space -- 4.9. Atmospheric nuclear tests -- 4.10. Underground nuclear tests -- 4.11. How much verification is enough? -- 5. Nuclear proliferation -- 5.1. Proliferation : Baruch to Iraq -- 5.2. Uranium enrichment -- 5.3. Separative work units -- 5.4. Nonproliferation in the former USSR -- 5.5. Plutonium production -- 5.6. MTCR and scuds -- Environment -- 6. Air and water pollution -- 6.1. Acid rain pH -- 6.2. Clean Air Act and allowance trading -- 6.3. Pollution scaling -- 6.4. Power plant plumes -- 6.5. Automobile emissions in the LA air basin -- 6.6. Stratospheric ozone -- 6.7. Purifying water -- 6.8. Environmental chemistry -- 6.9. Flowing water -- 7. Nuclear pollution -- 7.1. Low-dose radiation -- 7.2. Loss-of-coolant reactor accidents -- 7.3. Plume of 137Cs from a LOCA -- 7.4. Weapon accident plutonium plume -- 7.5. Dirty bombs -- 7.6. Fault tree analysis -- 7.7. Geological repositories -- 7.8. Indoor radon --. 
  • 8. Climate change -- 8.1. Introduction -- 8.2. CO2 projections -- 8.3. Upper-atmospheric and surface temperatures -- 8.4. Temperature refinements -- 8.5. Link between CO2 and temperature -- 8.6. Solar and oceanic variations -- 8.7. Heat islands -- 8.8. Policy options -- 9. Electromagnetic fields and epidemiology -- 9.1. Power line health effects? -- 9.2. Epidemiology -- Energy -- 10. The energy situation -- 10.1. Introduction -- 10.2. Energy orders-of-magnitude -- 10.3. Fossil fuel models -- 10.4. Energy rates of change -- 10.5. Population and sustainability -- 10.6. Single and combined cycle power plants -- 10.7. LNG explosions -- 11. Energy in buildings -- 11.1. Heat transfer -- 11.2. Single- and double-glazed windows -- 11.3. Annual heat loss -- 11.4. Energy standards -- 11.5. Scaling laws for buildings -- 12. Solar buildings -- 12.1. Solar flux -- 12.2. Solar collectors -- 12.3. Integrated solar flux -- 12.4. Solar hot water -- 12.5. Active solar space heat -- 12.6. Passive solar thermal flywheel --. 
  • 13. Renewable energy -- 13.1. Sustainable energy -- 13.2. Photovoltaic solar power -- 13.3. Solar thermal power -- 13.4. Hydropower -- 13.5. OTEC and thermoclines -- 13.6. Wind power -- 13.7. Tidal and wave power -- 13.8. Geothermal power -- 13.9. Biomass power -- 13.10. Fusion power -- 14. Enhanced end-use efficiency -- 14.1. Heat/cold storage in large buildings -- 14.2. Improved lighting -- 14.3. Improved windows -- 14.4. Heat pumps -- 14.5. Improved appliances -- 14.6. House doctors -- 14.7. Cogeneration -- 14.8. Utility load management -- 14.9. Energy storage -- 15. Transportation -- 15.1. Automobile energy basics -- 15.2. Corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) -- 15.3. IC engines -- 15.4. Hybrid cars -- 15.5. Hydrogen fuel-cell car -- 15.6. Safety -- 15.7. Transportation potpourri -- 16. Energy economics -- 16.1. Basic economics -- 16.2. Discounted benefits and payback periods -- 16.3. Cost of conserved energy -- 16.4. Minimum life-cycle costs -- 16.5. Energy tax credits -- 16.6. Petroleum economy -- 16.7. Imported oil, synfuels, and gasohol -- 16.8. Plutonium economy -- Appendices -- A. Nuclear arms chronology -- B. Energy/environment chronology -- C. Units -- D. Websites -- E. Symbols -- F. Glossary -- G. Index.

Ämnesord

Science and state.  (LCSH)
Physics  -- Social aspects. (LCSH)
physics  -- social sciences (sipri)
science  -- political science (sipri)
national security  -- environment -- energy (sipri)

Klassifikation

QC28 (LCC)
338.973/06 (DDC)
Qad (kssb/8 (machine generated))
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